desertion

desertion
The act of forsaking or abandoning a person, a cause or a post of duty. A continued abandonment of a ship by a seaman, during the term of service provided by his contract, with intention not to return, and without sufficient cause. 48 Am J1st Ship § 190. The criminal offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice committed by any member of the armed forces where (1) without authority he goes or remains absent from his unit, organization, or place of duty with intent to remain away therefrom permanently; (2) quits his unit, organization, or place of duty to avoid hazardous duty or to shirk important service; or (3) without being permanently separated from one of the armed forces, enlists or accepts an appointment in the same or another one of the armed forces without fully disclosing the fact that he has not been regularly separated, or enters any foreign armed service except when authorized by the United States; also committed by any commissioned officer of the armed forces where, after tender of his resignation and before notice of its acceptance, quits his post or proper duties without leave and with intent to remain away therefrom permanently. 10 USC § 885. The abandonment of a child in neglect of the duty of support. 39 Am J1st P & C § 104. The abandonment of wife or child penalized by the statutes of most of the states, including the Uniform Desertion and Nonsupport Act. 23 Am J2d Desert § 1. Quitting the society of wife and children and renouncing the duties owed them as a husband and father. Kelley v State, 218 Miss 459, 67 So 2d 459, 44 ALR2d 881. As a ground for divorce, "desertion" is a voluntary separation of one of the parties to a marriage from the other or the voluntary refusal to renew a suspended cohabitation, without justification either in the consent or the wrongful conduct of the second party; a wilful absence by one spouse from the society of the other with the intention to live apart in spite of the wishes of the other and without any intention to return to cohabitation. 24 Am J2d Div & S § 96. See constructive desertion; wilful desertion.

Ballentine's law dictionary. . 1998.

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  • désertion — [ dezɛrsjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1361 « abandon »; lat. desertio 1 ♦ (XVIIe) Action de déserter, de quitter l armée sans autorisation (⇒ insoumission). Désertion en temps de paix, en temps de guerre. Désertion à l étranger (en quittant le pays); désertion… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • desertion — de·ser·tion n: the forsaking of a person, post, or relationship: as a: permanent withdrawal from living with one s spouse without the spouse s consent and without cause or justification ◇ Desertion is a ground for divorce in many states. b:… …   Law dictionary

  • Desertion — Désertion La désertion est l acte d abandonner ou de retirer l appui à une entité à laquelle quelqu un avait prêté serment ou avait prétendu devoir allégeance, responsabilité ou loyauté. Dans une unité militaire, la désertion est l acte de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Desertion — • Brief explanation of the different situations to which this concept applies in canon law Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Desertion     Desertion      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • désertion — DÉSERTION. s. fém. Abandonnement. Il se dit principalem. Des soldats qui abandonnent le service sans congé. Le crime de désertion est puni par les Ordonnanses militaires. La désertion des soldats avoit affoibli l armée. Il y a une grande… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • desertion — de cause, Eremodicium. Desertion acquise, Eremodicium commissum. B. L appelant est tombé en desertion, Appellator appellatione cecidit, et tempore exclusus est. B. Pourveu que l appelant ne soit adjourné en desertion d appel, Nisi prouocatus… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Desertion — De*ser tion (d[ e]*z[ e]r sh[u^]n), n. [L. desertio: cf. F. d[ e]sertion.] 1. The act of deserting or forsaking; abandonment of a service, a cause, a party, a friend, or any post of duty; the quitting of one s duties willfully and without right;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • desertion — Desertion. s. f. v. Abandonnement. Il se dit principalement des soldats qui abandonnent le service sans congé. Le crime de desertion est puny de mort par les ordonnances militaires. la desertion des soldats avoit affoibli l armée. Desertion d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • desertion — 1590s, from M.Fr. désertion (early 15c.), from L.L. desertionem (nom. desertio) a forsaking, abandoning, noun of action from pp. stem of L. deserere (see DESERT (Cf. desert) (v.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • desertion — [di zʉr′shən] n. [ME desercioun < OFr desertion < L desertio] 1. a deserting or being deserted 2. Law the willful abandonment of one s spouse, children, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Desertĭon — (v. lat. Desertio), 1) (Criminalr.), das Verbrechen eines Soldaten, der ohne Erlaubniß seine Heeresabtheilung verläßt, um nicht zurückzukehren (Desertor, Deserteur). Bei den Griechen wurde der Deserteur (Automolos, Leipotaketes) meist am Leben… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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