# General+notion

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**History of the Church–Turing thesis**— This article is an extension of the history of the Church–Turing thesis. The debate and discovery of the meaning of computation and recursion has been long and contentious. This article provides detail of that debate and discovery from Peano s… …122

**Function (mathematics)**— f(x) redirects here. For the band, see f(x) (band). Graph of example function, In mathematics, a function associates one quantity, the a …123

**Algorithm characterizations**— The word algorithm does not have a generally accepted definition. Researchers are actively working in formalizing this term. This article will present some of the characterizations of the notion of algorithm in more detail. This article is a… …124

**History of the Church-Turing thesis**— This article is an extension of the history of the Church Turing thesis.The debate and discovery of the meaning of computation and recursion has been long and contentious. This article provides detail of that debate and discovery from Peano s… …125

**nature, philosophy of**— Introduction the discipline that investigates substantive issues regarding the actual features of nature as a reality. The discussion here is divided into two parts: the philosophy of physics and the philosophy of biology. In this… …126

**analysis**— /euh nal euh sis/, n., pl. analyses / seez /. 1. the separating of any material or abstract entity into its constituent elements (opposed to synthesis). 2. this process as a method of studying the nature of something or of determining its… …127

**Logicism**— is one of the schools of thought in the philosophy of mathematics, putting forth the theory that mathematics is an extension of logic and therefore some or all mathematics is reducible to logic.[1] Bertrand Russell and Alfred North Whitehead… …128

**Compact space**— Compactness redirects here. For the concept in first order logic, see compactness theorem. In mathematics, specifically general topology and metric topology, a compact space is an abstract mathematical space whose topology has the compactness… …