# Falsehood

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**falseness**— falsehood, falseness, falsity The three words, all to do with departure from the truth or what is true, have a considerable overlap in meaning and are sometimes interchangeable. Falsehood is the intentional telling of an untruth, and a falsehood… …52

**falsity**— falsehood, falseness, falsity The three words, all to do with departure from the truth or what is true, have a considerable overlap in meaning and are sometimes interchangeable. Falsehood is the intentional telling of an untruth, and a falsehood… …53

**Achzib**— Falsehood. 1) A town in the Shephelah, or plain country of Judah (Josh. 15:44); probably the same as Chezib of Gen. 38:5 = Ain Kezbeh. 2) A Phoenician city (the Gr. Ecdippa), always retained in their possession though assigned to the… …54

**leasing**— falsehood. See lesing …55

**Quine's paradox**— is a paradox concerning truth values, attributed to W.V.O. Quine. It is related to the liar paradox as a problem, and it purports to show that a sentence can be paradoxical even if it is not self referring and does not use demonstratives or… …56

**Law of excluded middle**— This article uses forms of logical notation. For a concise description of the symbols used in this notation, see Table of logic symbols. In logic, the law of the excluded middle states that the propositional calculus formula P ∨ ¬ P ( P or not P… …57

**Levi II**— Levi was a Jewish Palestinian scholar of the 3rd century (third amoraic generation), contemporary of Ze era I and Abba b. Kahana (Yer. Ma as. iii. 51a). In a few instances he is quoted as Levi b. Laḥma (Ḥama; comp. Yer. R. H. iv. 59a with R. H.… …58

**Falsities**— Falsity Fal si*ty, n.;pl. {Falsities}. [L. falsitas: cf. F. fausset[ e], OF. also, falsit[ e]. See {False}, a.] 1. The quality of being false; coutrariety or want of conformity to truth. [1913 Webster] Probability does not make any alteration,… …59

**Falsity**— Fal si*ty, n.;pl. {Falsities}. [L. falsitas: cf. F. fausset[ e], OF. also, falsit[ e]. See {False}, a.] 1. The quality of being false; coutrariety or want of conformity to truth. [1913 Webster] Probability does not make any alteration, either in… …60

**Natural deduction**— In logic and proof theory, natural deduction is a kind of proof calculus in which logical reasoning is expressed by inference rules closely related to the natural way of reasoning. This contrasts with the axiomatic systems which instead use… …