civil law

civil law
The body of law, sometimes called municipal law, adopted in a country or a state, as distinguished from the so-called natural law and international law; the body of law which determines private rights and liabilities, as distinguished from criminal law; a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power of a state. Merchants' Exchange v Knots, 212 Mo 616, 111 SW 565; the civil or municipal law of the Roman empire, as comprised in the institutes, the code and the digest of the Emperor Justinian, and the novel constitutions of himself and some of his successors. These form the body of Roman law, the corpus juris civilis (the body of civil law), as published about the time of Justinian. It was under his auspices that the present body of civil law was compiled and finished by Tribonian and other lawyers, about 533 A. D. See 1 Bl Comm 80, 81.

Ballentine's law dictionary. . 1998.

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  • civil law — n often cap C&L 1: Roman law esp. as set forth in the Code of Justinian 2: the body of law developed from Roman law and used in Louisiana, in continental Europe, and in many other countries outside of the English speaking world including esp.… …   Law dictionary

  • civil law — civil law, adj. 1. the body of laws of a state or nation regulating ordinary private matters, as distinct from laws regulating criminal, political, or military matters. 2. Rom. Hist. the body of law proper to the city or state of Rome, as… …   Universalium

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  • Civil law — Law Law (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l[ o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov; cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Civil law — may refer to: Civil law (area), a branch of continental law which is the general part of private law Civil law (common law), a branch of common law dealing with relations between individuals or organizations (as opposed to criminal law) Civil law …   Wikipedia

  • civil law — n. 1. the body of codified law developed from Roman law and still in force in many European and American nations: distinguished from COMMON LAW 2. the body of law that an individual nation or state has established for itself: cf. INTERNATIONAL… …   English World dictionary

  • civil law — n [U] the area of law relating to the affairs of private citizens rather than crime →↑criminal law …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • civil law — ► NOUN 1) law concerned with ordinary citizens, rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs. 2) the system of law predominant on the European continent, influenced by that of ancient Rome …   English terms dictionary

  • Civil Law — bezeichnet: den kontinentaleuropäischen Rechtskreis in Abgrenzung zum Common Law, siehe Rechtskreis #Kontinentaleuropäischer Rechtskreis das Privatrecht oder Zivilrecht innerhalb eines Rechtskreises in Abgrenzung zum öffentlichen Recht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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